Login or Register to make a submission.

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Notes to Authors on the submission of manuscripts


1. Articles must not exceed a maximum of 6000 words.

2. Articles must contain abstracts of not more than 250 words.

3. Necessary notes not belonging to the main body of the article but complementing the information contained in the article must be presented at the end of the article under the subheading ‘Notes’.

4. All and only the references cited in the article must appear at the end of the article under the subheading ‘References’. Such references must follow the American Psychological Association (APA) citation style for both in-text referencing and list references. Particularly, authors must note the following:

a. The titles of journal articles and book chapters must NOT start with capital letters except for proper nouns names of places, people and organisations).

b. Titles of journals and books must be in italics. The lexical words must start with capital letters.

c. References must not be numbered. They should be arranged in alphabetic order.

d. The names of the authors must be written in full.

Samples of references as they should appear in the list references



Baker, Paul and Ellece, Sibonile E. (2011). Key Terms in Discourse Analysis. London and New York: Continuum: Publisher.


Makgala, Christian J. (2006). Elite Conflict in Botswana: A History. Pretoria: Africa Institute of South Africa.


Chapter in a Book

Israel, Hephzibah (2011). Contesting the sacred in Tamil: Missionary translations and Protestant scriptures in colonial South India. In Eric A. Anchimbe and Stephen Mforteh (eds.), Postcolonial Linguistic Voices: Identity Choices and Representations. (167-182). Berlin and Boston: De Gruyter Mouton.


Journal Article

Bakwena, Malebogo. (2012). The recent economic reforms in Botswana: A critical assessment. Pula: Botswana Journal of African Studies, 26(1), 39-50.

Mmila, P. G. and Janie, B. L. (2006). Performative (Theatrical) Elements is Naro Trance Healing Ritual. Pula: Botswana Journal of African Studies, 20 (1), 8-19.


Magazine Articles

Surname, First name. and Surname, First name B. (Year, Month day). Title of article. Title of Magazine. Volume if available, page - numbers.



Motlatshiping, Mary. (2006, October 30). Puso Ascends the Throne. Kutlwano, 47, 6-9.


Newspaper Articles

Surname, First name. (Year, Month day). Title of Article. Title of Newspaper, page-numbers.



Sesana, Roy. (1997, September 10). What Basarwa Want. The Botswana Gazette, p.2


Review Articles

Surname, First name. (Year, Month day). Review Title. Title of Journal/Periodical, Volume, page-numbers.



Nkomazana, Fidelis. (2005, December 15). Other ways of Reading: African Women and the Bible. Boleswa Journal of Theology, Religion and Philosophy, 1 (1). 122-125.



Surname, First name. (Year). Title of article. Retrieved Month day, year from webpage.


Dingake, Michael. (2006, January 17). Public Inquiry on Passion Killings. Mmegi, 23(6),

online. Retrieved September 15, 2008 from



5. In-text references should be presented as follows:

...‘those who live in Motshegaletau are of Khoe extraction’ (Mokibelo & Moumakwa, 2006: 107).

Nareetsile (2005) analysed…

...was reported by Othata et al. (2005)...

This has been studied by several researchers such as Tshelametsi, 2001; Torto, 2004; Toteng, 2000; and Dithole & Ntsayagae (2006).

APA citations may also be found on the internet.


6. Articles must be in British English.

7. Articles should be in Word format if they do not contain special characters. If they contain special characters they must be submitted in PDF format with details of the author(s) provided on a separate accompanying document.

8. Articles must use Times New Roman, font size 12, and double spaced.

9. Section headings

Authors should bold face these as shown here.

Section heading

    Section subheadings

    Section sub-subheadings

10. Titles for Tables and Figures must appear at the top. They should not be in capitals except the first word in the table heading. Table headings must be in bold face.


11. Articles which are narrative or descriptive and lack analytical content are not likely to be accepted.