Main Article Content
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of demographic attributes on the health and safety (H&S) practices within small and medium construction enterprises (SMEs) in South Africa. A mixed method approach was used i.e. Delphi and questionnaire survey. A structured questionnaire consisting of 31 H&S practices categorized in five major H&S practices was developed from extensive review and the participation of 20 purposively sampled H&S experts. Questionnaires were then distributed to a total of 1,450 conveniently sampled SMEs. 228 questionnaires were returned of which 216 responses were usable. The findings suggest that upper management commitment and involvement in H&S, employee involvement and empowerment in H&S, project supervision, project H&S planning and communication in H&S and H&S resources and training were retained as reliable and valid H&S practices. Multiple linear regression analysis established demographic attributes i.e. experience in the construction industry, education level and the number of employees in the organization was not good predicators of the H&S practices.
Keywords: demographic attributes, health and safety practices, influence, small and medium